TÜRKÇE
  Updated: 11/05/2018

(Chapter 10) Information Society and Media

The ultimate goal of becoming the information society is to increase the share from the world income and to increase the societal prosperity.

Information Society could be defined as a development phase, which carries the conventional society well beyond the borders in terms of economic, social, cultural and political aspects. In the creation of these improvements and becoming an "information society", production of knowledge, capital of knowledge, qualified human resources and continuity of the education play integral roles. The next tier technologies and revolutionary improvements and their byproducts, like communication technologies, information highways and electronic commerce, are also essential components of an information society.

 This new phase brings a new perspective of world along with it and forms a basis for the creation of policy principles of the future. In this new perspective all the related technologies and concepts under a wide variety of traditionally disjoint fields are rapidly converging to a single field: Information Society and Media.

The chapter is formed from two main components, "Information Society" and "Media".

 The acquis in Information Society aims to liberalise electronic communication services and networks, to remove the barriers preventing the effective function of single market and to create the modern and universal services. The main EU acquis in this field is the "New Regulatory Framework" accepted in 2002.

Media is the other part of the chapter. The acquis in media field aims the free flow of the audio visual media services in the EU.

Legal Framework:

 The regulatory framework in the "information society" part of the chapter -namely "New Regulatory Framework" consists of the 5 main directives:

  • - Framework Directive (2002/21/EC)
  • - Access Directive (2002/19/EC)
  • - Authorisation Directive (2002/20/EC)
  • - Universal Service Directive (2002/22/EC)
  • - Privacy Directive (2002/58/EC)

    In addition to these the "Competition Directive" (2002/77/EC) and the "Spectrum Decision" is also accepted as a part of the new regulatory framework.

    The main acquis in the "media" part of the chapter is the "Audio Visual Media Services Directive" (2007/65/EC) that is updated in 2007.

    In Turkey, the main regulatory framework related with this chapter is as following (for more info ):
    - Telegraph and Telephone Law (no.406 )
    - Radio Law (no.2813)
    - Universal Service Law (no.5369)
    - Electronic Signature Law (no.5070)
    - The Law on the Establishment and Broadcast Services of Radio and Televisions (no.6112)
    - Electronic Communications Law (no.5809)

(plus some laws and regulations that are updating these related laws.)

Current Situation and Progress Achieved Under the Chapter:

The chapter was formally opened for negotiations on 19 December 2008. The acquis in this chapter includes provisions regarding the establishment and effective functioning of an internal market in the fields of audiovisual media services and electronic communication networks and services.

 Information Society: The Electronic Communications Law no. 5809 was enacted in order to align with the New Regulatory Framework that is the basic EU acquis in this field. The Universal Service Law no. 5369 was enacted in order to align with certain aspects of the Universal Service Directive. As a result of fast progress achieved in 2010, 11 new regulations are enacted based on these laws like, "Consumer Rights Regulations in Telecommunication Sector", "Authorisation Regulation in Communication Sector", "Regulation on Number Portability" and "Regulation on Access and Interconnection".

Based on the work related on Universal Service context, Regulation on 112 Emergency Call Services is expected to be enacted in 2011.

 Media: A net action plan related with the opening criteria of the chapter is prepared and submitted to the European Commission, which aims to create the coherence in the national regulatory framework with the free flow of broadcasting and to increase the independence and administrative capacity of Turkish regulatory authority in media field (RTÜK) based on the definitions in "Television without Frontiers Directive.

 "The Law on the Establishment and Broadcast Services of Radio and Televisions" is enacted in 3 March 2011. The related by-laws are enacted as well.

 


Updated: 11/05/2018 / Hit: 64,272