Updated: 30/09/2020

Chapter 25- Science and Research

Content of the Chapter

The acquis in Chapter 25-Science and Research, requires the Member States to ensure the necessary implementing capacities to pursue the Community objectives and activities in the field of research and technological development. This Chapter does not require transposition of EU rules into the national legislation.

The implementing capacity in the context of Science and Research Chapter is related with the existence of the necessary conditions for the efficient participation of Turkish Research Area to Community Programmes (Framework Programme).

Another important issue is the Turkish Research Area's integration performance to European Research Area. Candidate Countries, under this Chapter, is expected to make progress in terms of integration to European Research Area and in terms of EU's science and research objectives.

Current Stage of the Negotiations on the Chapter

Explanatory and bilateral screening meetings on Chapter 25-Science and Resarch were held on 20 October 2005 and 14 November 2005, respectively then the Chapter was opened to negotiations and provisionally closed for negotiation on 12th June 2006.

Turkey’s accelaration on science, technology and innovation area, that is a product of recent political ownership, national commitment and strategical approach, not only strenghten the national impetus but also the EU accession process. Science and Research Chapter, as a provisionally closed one, is an indicator for Turkey’s performance.

During the last decade, Turkey developed an appropriate development strategy based on her own natural state of progress and EU’s fundamental strategies on this area. Turkey invested on R&D considerably and these efforts resulted in gains in a short period of time. In 2018, the R&D expenditures/GDP ratio reached to 1.03%. Approximately 53% of the R&D expenditures financed by financial and non-financial corporations, 32% of the expenditures came from general government and 12% sourced from higher education sector while the rest sustained from domestic and international sources.

Turkey, acknowledging the main component of achieving progress in R&D is human component, doubled the number of researchers in the last ten years.

11th Development Plan of Turkey, covering 2019-2023 period, that also features the main pillars science, technology and innovation policies, gives a special emphasis on R&D and innovation activities that support high value-added production, particularly through an efficient R&D and innovation ecosystem. Chemical industry, pharmaceuticals and medical devices electronics, machine and electrical equipment, automotive and rail systems. are designated as priority sectors while artificial intelligence, internet of things, augmented reality, big data, cyber security, energy storage, advanced materials, robotics, micro-nano electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS), biotechnology, quantum technologies, sensors and additive manufacturing technologies are determined as the critical technologies where the human resources is to be further supported, infrastructures to be established and roadmaps to be developed.

Within the Chapter framework, Turkey also works on strengthening of her role in European Research Area (ERA) and attends all COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) and ERA activities in effectively. In addition, Turkey joins the institutions that are responsible for the management of ERA.

Turkey, as an essential component of European Research Area, has been participating EU Framework Programmes since 2002. The participation process that began with in 5th Framework Programmes (FP5) has prolonged to 2020 with the Agreement on the Participation of Turkey in Horizon 2020 that is signed on June 4, 2014. Therefore, the country gained access to a programme with 80 billion euro funding. Turkey is the 4th country among 16 associated countires regarding the participation to Horizon 2020 programme and will participate effectively to the new Framework Programme, Horizon Europe, that covers the 2021-2027 period .

Relevant Subcommittee Meeting
Screening Meetings


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