Updated: 30/09/2020

Chapter 20- Enterprise and Industrial Policy

Content of the Chapter

EU’s enterprise and industrial policy has three policy sets; namely, enterprise policy, industrial policy, and sector specific measures that aim at enhancing competitiveness.  The acquis under this chapter is mostly composed of policy principles established by Commission communications, recommendations and Council decisions that do not require harmonization.

These principles aim at ensuring structural adjustment, creating the best environment for business, increasing internal and external investments, supporting small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), research and development (R&D)/innovation activities and  entrepreneurship. In this respect, enterprise and industrial policy chapter crosscuts different horizontal policy areas.

The objective of this chapter is providing the best business environment for establishment and viability, enhancing entrepreneurial spirit of enterprises, and raising the competitiveness level of them, in harmony with the EU’s sustainable development targets.

Although the legislation on the scope of the chapter has been rather non-compulsory, it covers the directive 2011/7/EU on Combating Late Payment in Commercial Transactions, which requires harmonization among member states.

The EU provides support for enterprises through financial institutions, financial cooperation tools and Union Programmes. COSME (Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and SMEs) is the most important tool designed by the EU to support enterprises and SMEs.

Current Stage of the Negotiations on the Chapter

The screening meeting of the 20th chapter were held in spring 2006 and the final Screening Report was conveyed to Turkey on 18 September 2006.  The Turkish and EU sides prepared their negotiation papers respectively on 5 February 2007 and 28 February 2007. The chapter was opened to negotiations on 29 March 2007.

There is no opening benchmark under this chapter.

Closing Benchmark

There is one technical closing benchmark:

Turkey provides the Commission with a revised comprehensive industrial policy strategy aiming at strengthening Turkey's industrial competitiveness.

This Strategy was prepared under the coordination of the former Ministry for Science, Industry and Technology, with the participation of the relevant institutions and approved by the High Planning Council on 7 December 2010. It was published in the Official Gazette No: 27828 (bis) of 27 January 2011. The European Commission officially informed Turkey on 14 April 2011 that the Commission assesses the technical benchmark fulfilled; however, this does not prejudge the assessment to be made by the Council according to the established procedure.

Relevant Sub-Committee

Subcommittee No. 3 on Trade, Industry and ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) Products


European Commission Directorate General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs:


COSME Programme:



The European Commission’s “Investing in a Smart, Innovative and Sustainable Industry: A Renewed EU Industrial Policy”:


Screening Report of the 20th Chapter:



Updated: 30/09/2020 / Hit: 52,505