Chapter 21 - Trans-European Networks
CONTENT OF THE CHAPTER :
The Trans-European Networks (TEN) chapter is composed of three subtitles as transport, energy and telecommunications. The scope of the TEN-Transport networks is to provide a well operating transport infrastructure between Turkey and the European Union for providing the transport of the people, goods and services and to connect the transport network to the TEN-T network The aim of the TEN-Energy networks is to provide the establishment of the necessary gas pipelines for the transmission of energy resources in the Caspian, Middle East and North Africa regions to the European markets and electricity networks for the trading of electricity between Member States and candidate countries and ensure that these interconnections can work in coordination. Finally, the purpose of the TEN-telecommunications is composing a Europe-wide integrated telecommunication network and information society.
Trans- European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
The scope of the TEN-Transport networks is to provide a well operating transport infrastructure between Turkey and the European Union for providing the transport of the people, goods and services and to connect the transport network to the TEN-T network. Turkey gives utmost importance to the establishment of a fast and safe transport infrastructure and formation of a multimodal transport network connecting Black Sea, Asia, Middle East and Mediterranean regions with Europe.
In this framework, in line with the EU Acquis, the Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment (TINA) study and on the basis of the TINA study the “TEN-T Document” was prepared. With the TINA study, a Core Network for Turkey covering four different transport modes (land, air, maritime, rail) and 33 priority projects were determined.
Realization of the transport infrastructure projects for the development of TEN-T continue under IPA 3rd component, Transport Operational Programme (OP). The TINA study forms a basis for the prioritization of the projects under Transport OP.
The first priority project under the Transport OP is the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the Köseköy-Gebze section of the Ankara-Istanbul High Speed Railway Line. The project’s groundbreaking ceremony was carried out on March 27, 2012. The second project under the Transport OP is the rehabilitation and signalization of the Irmak-Karabük-Zonguldak Railway Line. This project’s groundbreaking ceremony was held on May 15, 2012.
The negotiations in this chapter continue on the basis of the determination of transport axes for connecting Turkey to the TEN-T networks as the TINA study taken as the base.
Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E)
Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) has been established to ensure the provision of network connections EU member states and to operate with common rules. TEN-E is designed to contribute to the development of internal market, improvement of security of supply and social cohesion.
EU aims to strengthen and integrate cross border electricity and natural gas networks. Given the geostrategic location of Turkey between East and West energy markets, great importance is attached to the realization of such infrastructure projects.
Half of the energy consumed within the EU is imported from third world countries. This rate is expected to reach up to 70% in 2030. One of the goals of the EU energy policy is to make sure that this energy supply is not interrupted. The EU needs to develop more projects in order to meet its existing and ever increasing energy needs as well as protect its current supplies. Overall, in order to address and deal with energy issues, the EU strives to diversify energy resources through planned projects.
Turkey and the EU attach great importance to the realization of the Southern Gas Corridor project which envisages the transportation of Caspian natural gas resources to Europe. The realization of the Southern Gas Corridor aims to contribute to the energy security of both Turkey and the European Union. Turkey is considered one of the main players in the Southern Gas Corridor projects, which aim to diversify energy supply routes and sources and, thereby, increase energy security of the European countries.
EU focuses on four main targets regarding Southern Gas Corridor:
* To establish physical connection between the Caspian natural gas resources and Europe
* To increase security of supply and to minimize the risks from energy crisis such as Ukraine- Russian crisis 2009
* To reduce the risks associated with transit
* To increase competitiveness in wholesale trade
Within this context, the natural gas connection studies between Turkey and the EU are ongoing in order to increase energy trade. The geostrategic location of Turkey increases its importance as an energy bridge between countries which produce and consume natural gas. Projects such as Turkey - Greece Natural Gas Pipeline, Baku - Tbilisi - Ceyhan, Kerkuk - Yumurtalık oil pipe lines are large-scale projects which are in operation, TAP, TANAP, Baku - Tbilisi - Erzurum natural gas pipeline, Samsun - Ceyhan oil pipeline are projects currently in progress.
Studies continue for the completion of the legal framework and overcoming technical problems for the realization of electricity trade between Turkey and the European Union. In this context, TEIAS (Turkish Electricity Transmission Company) parallel trial interconnection with ENTSO-E’s (European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity) synchronous zone Continental Europe started successfully on September 18, 2010. Trial Operation Process is planned as three successive stages: “Stabilization Period” (A stabilization period without programmed electricity trade), “non-commercial electricity trade period” and “commercial electricity trade with allocation of capacity”. “Stabilization Period” has been finalized with success in mid- February, 2011. By February 21st, 2011, “non-commercial electricity trade period with limited exchange” started and completed in March 2011. The third stage of the commercial exchange has been started in June 2011 and finalization is expected in Fall 2013
STUDIES WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE CHAPTER :
The explanatory meeting for the Trans-European Chapter was held on June 30, 2006 and the detailed screening meeting was held on September 29, 2006. With the letter dated 27 June 2007 of the Portuguese Presidency of the Council, Turkey was found eligible for the negotiations and was invited to present her Negotiating Position Paper for the chapter. There were no opening criteria for this chapter. With the EU-Turkey Intergovernmental Conference held on December 19, 2007, the Trans-European Chapter was opened to negotiations.
CLOSING BENCHMARKS :
With regard to the Trans-European Networks Chapter, two criteria were envisaged for the closing of the Chapter to negotiations.
The first criterion is political; “Turkey fulfils its obligations as regards the implementation of EC-Turkey Association Council Decisions.”
The second one is technical; “Turkey and the European Commission have agreed on the future TEN-T network according to the Decision 1692/96/EC as amended and Turkey and the European Commission have agreed on a priority project of European Interest in the framework of this TEN-T network.”
STUDIES FOR THE FULFILLMENT OF THE CLOSING BENCHMARKS :
For the accomplishment of the first sub-component of the technical criterion, the “TEN-T Document” was prepared on the basis of the TINA study by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication.
“On-site” visits to TEN-T network in Turkey by the European Commission have been realized (22-29 September 2010) successfully.
For the accomplishment of the second sub-component of the technical criterion, “Halkalı-Kapıkule Railway Line Project” has been agreed as the “European Interest” priority project and the project has been confirmed in a meeting held by the European Commission and Turkey on January 26, 2010 in Brussels. During the meeting held on October 25, 2010, the Commission and Turkey agreed on the extension of the project as Kapıkule-Halkalı-Ankara-Sivas-Kars.
On 13 December 2010, a meeting for the evaluation of the technical closing benchmark was held in Brussels and it was agreed that “the technical benchmark for the Chapter 21 is fulfilled.”
The TEN-T Document prepared by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication was officially sent to the European Commission by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 12.01.2011. Thus, the technical studies for the closure of the chapter are completed successfully.
The TEN-T Network in Turkey which is defined pursuant to the New Trans European Transport Networks rules has been included in the revised “Proposal of the European Commission” on TEN-T guidelines and the data on priority project and infrastructure has been included in the “TENtec Information System”. The work for reviewing the mentioned maps and data is on-going.
THE RELEVANT DIRECTORATE WITHIN MINISTRY FOR EU AFFAIRS :
|Directorate of Sectoral||Policies|
|Director||: Aylin ÇAĞLAYAN ÖZCAN|
|Phone Number||: (312) 218 14 25|
|Fax Number||: (312) 218 14 05|
RELEVANT SUB-COMMITTEE MEETINGS :
"Transport, Environment, Energy and TEN" Sub-Committee No:6 Meeting
11. Meeting: 8-9 March 2012 Brussels-Belgium
10. Meeting : 25-26 January 2011 Ankara
9. Meeting : 26-27 January 2010 Brussels-Belgium
8. Meeting : 26-27 February 2009 Ankara
7. Meeting : 25-26 February 2008 Brussels-Belgium
6. Meeting : 22-23 February 2007 Ankara
5. Meeting : 18-19 July 2005 Brussels-Belgium
4. Meeting : 12-13 October 2004 Ankara
3. Meeting : 06-07 March 2002 Brussels-Belgium
2. Meeting : 27-28 February 2001 Ankara
1. Meeting : 30 June 2000 Brussels-Belgium
SCREENING MEETINGS :
Information about Coordinator Organization of the Chapter
Presentations of the Explanatory Screening Meetings (30 June 2006)
Presentations of the Detailed Screening Meetings (29 September 2006)
Answers to the Questions of the European Commission in the Screening Meetings
- TEN - Ulaştırma (PDF Format -399 KB)
- TEN - Enerji (PDF Format - 264 KB)
Last updated: 2013-07-29 11:08:16